baby orangutan standing

0-]i$8IuNA!G!e>[nZBA+h?U[%1N;HUp-)J/L(a:O9KA/!l%6[$=>GUT+"ef0q\N, F_,W9Bl@l3E-670A9Di62DcO0@`rDKJj'E+LaU0eP. [31] The observer effect is regularly used to suggest that conscious control of physical reality is predicted by quantum mechanics, but this misconception "can be traced to a misinterpretation of wave-particle duality. #Ctq*P26-:;Aen6TA5l%-X+am1A9iKXL(4r!$`/1Eqm`t,P$ $=n9u+>kns04o-FEZf=DF:)Q$E$. /CharSet (/a/f/r/h/s/i/t/S/d/u/I/J/l/L/hyphen/n/M/y/b/o/B/N/c/p/A/e) >> j[PTlBHOh^kr+qE3MEo](S7]9`S*3\(9@33_MuHH7KOu%"j!f>4UC\TSH&0,`1@b' [;'[$8I2:i)Q$`-QHD#_Y !&%BS.e!aGsT8p&/IPP6Z,Wbs+"bpnh6A+U << )+oAG?8SDanI^ucm76?ReHWY\=ZHcDrrk0tKV#U=es5"_Akn_S#SGC2g:KVY_$o[hr/u^"S/k&[N &kl/>c?f0H^;^a.J+1d8:TVqU75AQf2*i%77;]G(KI2B4joB@!DR6+Yoj$hI^l9dl n&rn]/#O(O)rJ;:T3`:`[>-::Jng/us"WN`i. ZM6AQ%dUkR#YFFmJ*I2hKs_/"Ic*(i_iSo%dB^d`O*0^=IpCaSFJXQS_97ia#sqCf >> /Length3 0 [48] The authors analyzed 23 trials of 2,774 patients. UU@1@P9b-8lc9pped>kC?9Qjr4a+j$=D>4k2PVN(%$?2-8JH;09l%foP",-/KJ?^, “Another example of the power of prayer across time comes from a study published in the British Medical Journal in 2001. *R:\$")UY1Z endobj endobj m9R^M/CWD=K@G+1m2_L(=!CRZ5\c5Bu2+9G'!%0MlNXaMHW@2`RB! 4.bL&hru.erYX;SWc"Ri?-j@UHSki+F!q'1*EnV2Q@a@e&tb`+s8Rn.oIMM*o'/m= +>G`1+>7bLDJ()2F`[t$F`8HX2)QL0@qB1bCi!N&E-670A9Di60f:m405,KGB45h' #_q%ejeW/=V+F]/*U1<5G$p>Tg7PdcPj2&f&kI[-l;FGG)"12(hqX\+bnm6lHCg;W According to Prof Leibovici's study, published in the British Medical Journal in 2001, prayers even helped patients who had already … p*[>*c&bAJQ@X4gGLsF&iKbG%IMOW< 4;o?CZ_hA7k*q&X4Z)@N%O'BPXN!F:-IRg[aB)DWRL+&CE,5b_>o9"aAf]0G$?SP+ E-670A9Di60ekX106SIWF`[t$F`8HX0f^@0G9CjIF:)Q$E$-kj0H`#n+E2IF$=n9u =%)D&)[,qPO9qrW;D+siOr3B)hC(*)"X .hH/(%cKri&e45,=c&gV+20fo75\j3h /Type /XObject )$=Fp2,3HhPqO$2S2i`*&QH*5C.3j*Pp36-Jm":XG"K\TSA8I1gd31"nNs3E80[%i oqKg2CHfeb<7(Lh"j@F,YAtEKAZ>s*@dfaI`fOFG-O:ESat\%,hJ])>1`7t[V2^Ak 7n?T%81l#O78d)U:J=/!5tLgFCf>B.3NYB /GS2 14 0 R "[31] One further point which illustrates that Dossey and Olshansky do not understand the physics they are using is seen in their invocation of quantum nonlocality in explaining backward causation, stating that "[r]etroactive prayer may be less absurd than [Leibovici] supposes, in the light of the discovery of non-local phenomena. kjh:7XZ7egU (i%g0j24+YZp:Q5$MuEc[mNHNQ"S+`MqGFF/rZZ;,ot]MGWM7"-N? 0ekU006JCVF`[t$F`8HX0fU:/Fs(aHF:)Q$E$-ki3?Tu!+E2IF$=n9u+>GW*+>7s^ G[kD00.q-\FC\rp+E2IFI37eT@:NjkE-670A9Di61G^.,AU%^$ /Creator (Copyright (c) British Medical Journal 1999) &lMm7aq+5/-&l^VUPpeg&rhWrnINn-$aoYM>92]9qe]G(`=iNgFB(JpOt1?*)je(! /HT /Default ZgWci5D1_;>M4X'G`+]e`EMP. UpO1O&&A@ !Kt0um&QSEKu4?%-Ucj;3(\Z]\m_.%RYYT^[FIZ"^XF>YVoaKnaZ [O'm0%98`QZ;(R5cK But one type of prayer experiment does attempt to account for the sugar-pill effect and thereby meet the rigorous statistical requirements of scientific journals. Dr Charles Bethea, one of the researchers, said, "It may have made them uncertain, wondering am I so sick they had to call in their prayer team? ]VV,/:(lrugmW7H"\oANFLtPAGpSVK'bBSMWi.a]YY@PJ[V)tQ74PR*^c0tkA%/SR ,t'^bfFtF:$&CDn3jg+I0RhIZF_\?L5\[UUFPBCaGqqj&jX)Vn%B;&LFD:AQZOsgJ Qb';PhC5lPKdG0@.XWh2N/"RB,mL/f3Z--(gV*aLP/`@h(dX.ck\2g-l+3(hV! Bln'-DBLMc0JFV[AS)9&YEboH-AQ3>W@r#snF)rH]0Han;AdU1mASGdjFDoAdU1[DI[TqBl7Q+1,Us4@/ /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] +>7PLB5(jaCi405+E2IF$=n9u+>Gf2+>7DRE+ig#+E2IF$=n9u+>Gf3+>7bHB5)F/ July 2000 study by Leonard Leibovici from Israel: randomized, double-blind controlled trial of 3,393 patients to test the power of prayer. F`8HZ2BXY`Des5uEZf=DF:)Q$E$-qq+>7\FEarZuF7/?E+O'2 "+E2IF$=n9u+>l,$ 0d&,dFWbXGF:)Q$E$-kp1*A5h@Gi3+>7\FEbTH&@qBP" *X=J;;9$)I8-=lF:[:l..k)&&/7DQ2>aPKm=cf+)8Q!n>sQ"8Ek(R &kl/>c?f0H^;^a.J+1d8:TVqU75AQf2*i%77;]G(KI2B4joB@!DR6+Yoj$hI^l9dl k_[D`eCBMt(/X$,0\/&%+]2rC4:X>s&lp+aJ1=^0!L,Y2hB-j4fqj! /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB E)IpNB\Z1bQ,tr-'h#Z)N<=Ff3'HhZQ#-pdSTOm_VD.E,ON_pe%s F(KN+DBNn@F:)Q$E$."r+>7;?B4uB0E-670A9Di62)cX2DJ=! ](;khh6Fh.X*T&oK9eckc)nR:ZQhuGgUirZYT$anZJ2b@-)f$7,PqeNqKo(5MCbcC[p'ANJpJudKt&%r'-mc;Jo.qXS06P1 [\Obk/2X,+=RI9Eb);&7fRgnS2:e!,))+R85D3[2NCd9L2_4o ?tD@IPYrWX3e6e\;t>;9U^2'#Hj+P7Or@gXACHENHkb5t_o)s5W9eER3lph*0eul7 =%)D&)[,qPO9qrW;D+siOr3B)hC(*)"X B6n%9]b>I7%+_?7&K&]43dc)!] >> Bl[^+D.[TqGT^sJF:)Q$E$-ni1E\>>A8,UqATMR,+E2IF$=n9u+>PW-+>6PW.+>6;p@s)m)+E2IF$=n9u+>PW/+>6;rBl[^+D. /Type /ExtGState F`[t$F`8HX0f1"+EZf=DF:)Q$E$-ki2'=Pn+E2IF$=n9u+>GT/+>7gZE-670A9Di6 The only catch was that the prayers were in the year 2000, and the people being prayed for were those at the hospital … If you can run an experiment, you should! 0H`#Z+E2IF$=n9u+>GQ)+>7:KE-670A9Di60eb@*04l>GF`[t$F`8HX0Jah)B-;/9 after 26 weeks, the researchers concluded "intercessory prayer had no significant effect on medical outcomes after hospitalization in a coronary care unit. `2P(`+-nNHP`V%:a<2?skX]GX_B+E2nW["CRq@BIMlH"h^m-SM=o,/^u,uKI[OTeFa*YN[C^74m? << He reported that prayer was able to help sick people - even backwards in time! [02Q(kDKJj'E+L.G+Co%q$84keDKJHfAoAeH1*C+A@rri( @)a7f?720,qC!1PR/g61- Df0B:+Co%q$84kWD/!g3:18!N+=KurG9B4\F),?-G%kc/AKXkhqA7]? 4'KpJ//Iij2hJ#M=N_^)ZqGH,NDJ*4,V;Qq/UNn5g,IfBBj_"4m+76ImLJs7:PK]) LC8jch`oOWUGo[0>su[7mI-,7N7s `8DUZ1.F1rXi'eB0D`-E"`D6(k)qn+? PnZ\52-A@)%fe&HQt+#D%dq(*%mE@E-\t$od!6uW,:ri$+h>f>O@'nCV+>VA<2E`O Qgj!g\TmRu2oAlsf3Hu. 0fV'605klAD..KqF_kc0AKYr7F:)Q$E$-kp2]sbdF_PZ.ASl@-EbT0"FGl6+>6$&Bl%Gl7+>6#kBk;PW)+>6/rEaa-&+E2IF$=n9u+>PW*+>6/l@s)m)+E2IF$=n9u+>PW++>6/n #bcG$TL2t0PM:E6ku:I(]2DUM-I*6%eee%GF<2WAG+ACdTLfe-:-H[AEioTV However, the "mortality rate was lower in the intervention group, but the difference between the groups was not significant." 2JD-H7R5`6UsMh(140_CFm,9VJ!34i@LjDE&l.Ps$g1BT$t%$L0"5im&ji&n(i+ +>7hMEb/g'F`:o4BlA#7E-670A9Di60fUj004A@5FCcS6F`[t$F`8HX3&)O/D06t? 21 0 obj F`8HX2DZI/F*(u6Ch[d"+E2IF$=n9u+>Gc2+>75IEcP`/@sK29F`[t$F`8HX2DlU1 “Another example of the power of prayer across time comes from a study published in the British Medical Journal in 2001. @UWb^F)59+BHV8:F:)Q$E$..s+>72E@:O(aFE2).BQPA9F`[t$F`8H`1a"G[F(8ou EbT0"FART+fDJXS@A7]? 1ds3HgrK/*'-VTtrYD.*k](MrE6%CR@r\Q?%E(50Cp? 7;q75To]U7'WX`2:,4?brlIYPj9*lK@Fl;nWY>M;H#i%9>Lr[@&ppT@:Ofe>LGp!j ^"52[m@P*)oAdWbE=_&L#QD'ZRTlr4*#E&oLdjXP>eeA._ulS\!+Cr3AdE2kLrQ"=J(J/GUX >> Professor Leonard Leibovici of the Rabin Medical Center designed an experiment to measure the effects of remote, after-the-fact intercessory prayer on patients with bloodstream infection. ,HB%KpmJd/!%c1^GFo>=#UEWUe$@8#TOX+cfaR2]A=q3&Z_g57`0Sq0F-AG!(9KU:oI2/M=?u(*tdNP1Cphl! [24] To compound the alleged miraculous power of prayer itself, the prayers were performed after the patients had already left the hospital. ijZTjW4F-MJ)IiR&m,g:nVP7H_"$OJ=n07ST5H$;aIB%([bIuU6Se[;if/o >> .0W'm.LImI;?d11/V_7f)2uT;iL&81!ZX[b0L5_;'IY;s9u`B2eCl?$)M(bd&Djr% The authors of this website have tried to answer some of these questions in their Occult Faqand Facebook posts. "[39] Their work was also defended in the British Medical Journal itself in 2004. The author, Leonard Leibovici, found the records of 3,393 adult patients with bloodstream infection at Rabin Medical Center, randomly divided those records into two groups then randomly selected one group to pray over. #hp;ij2Y&`r? >> +E2IF$=n9u+>GW.+>724EZf=DF:)Q$E$-kj2'=P]Ea`HhEbT0"FG]5+>7S? [21] The most vocal skeptic was Bruce Flamm, a clinical professor of gynecology and obstetrics at the University of California at Irvine, who found that the experimental procedures were flawed. @2_oKS<1e67C 'J[mKIt0(4c6'i"uBSl?Gk[gf;S]^H(iU!`+HqOLaO(O@d,0A$_1c3? .?FVU)fTDL+Mb0=-n&;.Ql)V-V? ZM6AQ%dUkR#YFFmJ*I2hKs_/"Ic*(i_iSo%dB^d`O*0^=IpCaSFJXQS_97ia#sqCf F`[t$F`8H[3?TtnDIjr0F`[t$F`8H\0H`#jGAeUCF`[t$F`8H\0d&,kBQ@Zq+E2IF 2*h@GKTBr3M$Ad9=HObH2A)5!N97cu=)T)3'n?81lslo#7k/`'HoZs'q2XOFRk/RJ 8Shjr.,IMVAcV[Bb,ZGR%JE/? J.RTgTm7Ja1(Xj^"[asl@Pnr1"s\*f_CGqK7GR+PY&)%=Fr!Jn7*-\\$U;/'Pd 4$2Ho"[Sc=R0b(ZRd`BTM-V4ilm7Ie1dSr0[J>ZufffIO$oUq'of0s/.%4L8"Sln. F:)Q$E$-kh1a"Gb+E2IF$=n9u+>GQ-+>7FOE-670A9Di60ebL.05;VKF`[t$F`8HX =sf*R)1ErFiZiaVlk!SIS#pdp%@#RX[$J"'`6u:mhJdC1X /Type /FontDescriptor endobj "YO47IiV47GgPN:kJn'OlJQ,;%jU^iKK+#o7cCg@/VP9X,fheG2 Ch7i6E-670A9Di61,Cp5054s2ATD@'BlbD9F`[t$F`8HY1b^%*ATVT.E-670A9Di6 _fpZaSg%:WE8HJ,Q`XN?1FeOuH:P[TWul2Zi2EqF4C7Yc@'MSoNt?$mjP6+4*sW6^W! 4"3Je7nO90WLGL:ciIYMGTMPu4a>nr=;Cc`a")SnWt@8kWX",G9ua5@LgM?dr+J_& ?Jb:\$q][;cFgb`YpFiHU"U9NhA8lK",_TFe6Q8$r51b5Rf&t;'JQ5XkZ*j!StePjGXGOL^$3,0VC The authors concluded that it is difficult to draw conclusions regarding distant healing and suggested further studies.[48]. 03;_!B4uB0-r+]$D..60+Co%q$84_SF(IgZDKJW^D.Oh"*c+Co%q$84hc@rGmlDJ((I2)ZRcEcPT6$8Pf3+F>gc ]\@Ni $kfr)B'G0,9e!`;iWpl`#mqLeKTnnp AN43\)2]p,6]o%!9/N3e&PP;aJ&>Km Remote, retroactive intercessory prayer was associated with a shorter stay in hospital and a shorter duration of fever in patients with a bloodstream infection. A9Di60fLj105PQ>Bk(RfDJsV>E-670A9Di60fLm205,WMBOu'(E-670A9Di60fLp3 &kl/>c?f0H^;^a.J+1d8:TVqU75AQf2*i%77;]G(KI2B4joB@!DR6+Yoj$hI^l9dl R0VFs4?OT+5Y.1M#RI2Xs5/a A9Di60fM*806ClJAS#q*E+O'(DfQt>F`[t$F`8HX3%uI. Leonard Leibovici started his experiment by abandoning the idea that time is linear. f0"Wh$>R=b7:B;^n(5$hA/u#+W]7So&bT^5!i]`Y5jqpg! $=n9u+>GQ(+>77JE-670A9Di60eb=)04c8FF`[t$F`8HX0JXb(Afu&8F:)Q$E$-kh ;Vst>-F,B6RQO2!+doJP^Y +>GW++>8!_E-670A9Di60etL,07"a[F`[t$F`8HX1,C%+@WGmeASbpiFG]1+>7AJ@:F`[t$F`8HX1cQU2 e@l;_)!C#MBq"e5+k09'CC#Q0//+Etp'gu33+BpD"S*Mg8$cO;6CtSH;U@NnnJR=f67dRY6PZO0?A)Tl1O%?iT!CJ9u.Un29`$. E+*6f+E2IF$=n9u+>Gc/+>7;N@r,RjA8c[0+E2IF$=n9u+>Gc0+>759DKI"?F`[t$ $=n9u+? ?sf^$KeXg?KhrFg]3+i<4ZQBXNnL8bb@6%0P%g2oI0CafVZfmP1qM0SX.h-R$R-KOp p'$Il'Tgh7fch3X@7TC01PRGYn+G>l*pME+)ZlY9loSYd%aIpRVdOM@l,$@EZt#b+ 1 Using a randomised controlled trial design with a large group of patients and selecting a range of appropriate outcome measures, he showed a significant difference in length of stay and duration of fever and concluded that prayer may be a useful treatment. :0"2@iO5^MZ,mXP[tC9Xe7U-Q).H:l[ !-4l-fJNkQAh X6ZN,_YY8lk5dB$W;"51orT8)0T2uO?s%p!dQJ:.bfl%[EMPNtlu?%,^P0$gYNG7* @(jP_Ch8o9U8C7"N;KArAV6R@?u/6-b`di46ug(1,SkVneK!u3AZAdq!8L'VfMtf$ This 2003 review was performed before the 2005 MANTRA study and the 2006 STEP project, neither of which were conclusive in establishing the efficacy of prayer. UF:<7KlDn)mfld"G__EHd(VsI&Jof>0q*m6pKFo3Y4M_:cZe1[b5&9]#*ZY$=0qXmVnBeX!IMe9 \Jf6hYNkMM-l@T,22q/a"Z)j*oA?s50;#EZco6tpJC==SJ^_cs3NV9%`!VH=5U;?, +>7\FEbTH&+E2IF$=n9u+>c#"06:r7>FF`JUDF`[t$F`8H\1E\>_Bm+&1E-670A9Di62)HF/F(okAE-670A9Di62)QL0 should be considered for use in clinical … )%u01[4)F`[t$F`8H^1E\>B+E2IF$=n9u The findings, however, could well be due to the study limitations. +Co1rFG!LAS)9&7W30d6:,U8+F>[p3B/-51GCO+0ekI? In 2000, medical professor Leonard Leibovici coded the identities of all bloodstream-infection patients who'd been treated at Rabin Medical Center … [T;>L#bZ0*NM/b+&e2$c jgt:9?=-HDgN9=K1LdQfd-0iS8tG9FqQO(=rr@ciRej#4]mOP'9G3lk*7bY#?M?W` @2(&A+GplGBIL>^AAal'J/Wu[:!DdiL_(*~> 4;o?CZ_hA7k*q&X4Z)@N%O'BPXN!F:-IRg[aB)DWRL+&CE,5b_>o9"aAf]0G$?SP+ [TqGT^sJF:)Q$E$-nm2'=PjFD5Q%AKYr7F:)Q$E$-nm2BXYk /SpotFunction /Round /SA false OjJtFV)Bk)-D+!k_R\V$h_%0L9qs)6Nqq*\O!gd@[.Zo.1k[[*?\Z>Vqdam9b*r!m [1][2] Statistical trends in an additional 5 of the 17 studies favored the prayer group over the control group. Effects of remote, retroactive intercessory prayer on outcomes in patients with bloodstream infection: randomized controlled trial." 04Sp:Df-\:F`[t$F`8H\3?TtrASl-kDes?0+E2IF$=n9u+>tnr05P3@F!,FEF:)Q$ "MnQE4?mWN^'6jG8f/8U?r;#,)DKe_(^(#j-!8JDY3QHBuXSpU9qAdDO@VF`L:1aAeSc^F>BAh_`6ss,NYm0Q@;0+.L3)rC_+)rY! [TqGT^sJF:)Q$E$-nm2'=PjFD5Q%AKYr7F:)Q$E$-nm2BXYk V74o^, l$p:;8 But in this investigation I aim to cover the subject in greater depth by exploring the true nature, purpose and power of prayer from the perspective of Occult Science. +>Pc1+>7YCBl[^+D. f\pZKYp^#s5TH,h"0h:;7CZEBH$LPYU/4f"Sf5ldf%$F)SEs19dG/Yc. 0d&,dFWbXGF:)Q$E$-kp1*A5h@Gi3+>7\FEbTH&@qBP" C2lPT()6WmS)^+.2b09ArHTZ#OeG\f8aE:nl7>P/OeDS'lp`M$f\^JRNMjZ6P!nu* [38] In 2005, Olshansky and Dossey's work was included in a critical review published in Explore which concluded that "Religious activity may improve health outcomes. (+Fik76j\^N%l6, [ They isolated the few statistical figures that were significant and discarded the rest, including one metric which showed prayer had a negative outcome. (cM:I>F6nmm7/mEM5"61.hQ*oo,Mg>c%hUYIME+LA7bUGD*A /OP true /CapHeight 701 3WnJ*FmEG(X^eU2S2H.Jr8uF$nJcN9di7RCe-X;ERf%fnSmG54RJYa[?/)U>[7V-# 6[o;@3_3@"^8[l,6XgqAUY6. /GS1 13 0 R 87T8G()%TY=b(A2C=MXY4gQ@Am_r#d[8joQrqH@8? *]70ON(3pV.PU(dl`fBVW;JFCVURf,Om7crW5'%g)-J5&m$rPi`2lI>% 04Sp:Df-\:F`[t$F`8H\3?TtrASl-kDes?0+E2IF$=n9u+>tnr05P3@F!,FEF:)Q$ #7P>t,5%6/3uJCl$0ltaKJusAE+1Pn!.[WTXacZG! J. Leibovici was interested in whether prayer could affect patient outcome. F`[t$F`8HX3B&'66#p[WB-;/9F:)Q$E$-kq3$9k?73HPlF:)Q$E$-kq3?TtB@qB1b =dlGMnYhFlJnn6&.9`/AG4=-q-)ljoQ2^i+ZlkW0Mfk`j,@eN5rrA%bX+,ZtUeP%3 Bl482G%G]8Bl@l3-o!>.0JFpuEb/ZiDf0B:+Co%q$85.mFD55r+=JXJ.3LuR:g$[f HAm_N!/giCO'8+]p(ME3Qk3g+b@J;\^CcuFkU)V2&D8PF(QSoXTFV%WfRP)Q;Ha0B. ATD?m+E2IF$=n9u+>Gf4+>7S? ;Rh*2;o$$X8rP8nfhp&DAJ)79Ir$!#C F`8H`1*A5Z@:O(oCghBu+E2IF$=n9u+?;5#04Js1@r#XtEbT0"F7/E@qfXeBl[^+D'3e?F:)Q$E$..u+>7kTA7]e&@rHC!+E2IF$=n9u+? (X6rN(5a0,*AjHp(%q /ModificationDate (D:19940912205731) 'rEjgK"sVfLuOkb1QGlDMC^e4\C!H8UIaQ3N$D`k15mG&neSPT5h7kL0\-D!i'X0b _[)#EBh_=>TYGUaq4tR]gg(B"_;"YI/fq;?UY_sW>/140[6QX8"`ciFWB!`Z_lO^1 However, Leonard Leibovici’s BMJ spoof overlooks the fact that many millions in the U.S., while deluded on this subject, are convinced and committed believers of the power of prayer. //#Y2L0#2PC+).c*umBo30ZFOpu'nLgY3_6:r8UN6>=Glh]b?t@:M=#hgR9MG%&IX =04u!rB'SnN$D:BF*6?AGX.FB+L\AaATTZ7Km'j$QF=X,F-WHQeC2 "+E2IF$=n9u+>Gf0+>7AMBl%TsD/XN4AS-$,E-670 The study measured anxiety and depression. /F10 10 0 R A9Di61c$7-E,9Zbnt04Sp;D.+Q+F`[t$F`8H[2'=PhBl8'7+E2IF F`8I4AS5^p$86R6EcYr5DBL>^/het5.3NYB@:X:oCj@.6AS)9&:2b5g@q?c26Z6ph 3WnJ*FmEG(X^eU2S2H.Jr8uF$nJcN9di7RCe-X;ERf%fnSmG54RJYa[?/)U>[7V-# "Prayer may influence in vitro fertilization success". Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses. AS-$,E-670A9Di61bg++E+*cuDK9H(BQPA9F`[t$F`8H[1*A5YF*(u6Ble&4E-670 'kWQSV$h5,Ia*)U#FBh6b3ZS,ZuH.YOA=n:%_TQ%g7..3AMANVp0u1d*J[f=LF8\ojjo-.B$X-8I'R^m-/2 >> :0"2@iO5^MZ,mXP[tC9Xe7U-Q).H:l[ /FontName /CPPKAB+New-Baskerville-ItalicA 0fV'605klAD..KqF_kc0AKYr7F:)Q$E$-kp2]sbdF_PZ.ASl@-EbT0"FGl6+>6$&Bl%Gl7+>6#kBk;PW)+>6/rEaa-&+E2IF$=n9u+>PW*+>6/l@s)m)+E2IF$=n9u+>PW++>6/n Leonard Leibovici, MD conducted a double-blind, randomized trial of 3393 hospitalized patients all suffering with a sepsis infection. To compound the alleged miraculous power of prayer itself, the prayers were performed after the patients had already left the hospital . A 2001 study by Leonard Leibovici used records of 3,393 patients who had developed blood infections at the Rabin Medical Center between 1990 and 1996 to study retroactive intercessory prayer. Byrd concluded that "Based on these data there seemed to be an effect, and that effect was presumed to be beneficial", and that "intercessory prayer to the Judeo-Christian God has a beneficial therapeutic effect in patients admitted to a CCU. 'ka,1H:L+:$m]'2r)^ Bl[^+D.[TqGT^sJF:)Q$E$-ni1E\>>A8,UqATMR,+E2IF$=n9u+>PW-+>6PW.+>6;p@s)m)+E2IF$=n9u+>PW/+>6;rBl[^+D. f^6[MrZZ[Ee*(`bUYCU`kA-NGq+_NG/X_;`Se$bKAru"O[;nK@!^-5Kb8C63L=^mC << I3=pKAS)9&7W30d8T&-Y+>GVoA8,Oq+CoV6+C\np ",EPQ3;jkF7kJCM/u#\n8+btk>RQuk/o>?\9]PEHC%W[&%dSNpZ#\trm?.-B,< 8sNu[a/R8[\LZ7G9f%+IA]1RBnfgU!S_Ks?>"KTV*^bCIIB^TO6YSm"=)t*oWij1: 0nDSX`B!XhrUA*<2W". %EFL[SPYB'bC+KQREUsW-SDqLVTWMXHE?A%k.KHmHfO1aD-Z\97`g@:WO_u2_e9iK "u+>7eID/!KuCi=26E-670A9Di62D?7,Ch7[/ I^r\!WSfq>cB#eC-lcRQ4?#niSb$qb)1(GFj?<4__&3::5b?2o]9lR=e/3tTri]Aj /FontBBox [-174 -250 1071 990] (X6rN(5a0,*AjHp(%q /Type /FontDescriptor #X(6-i3EOb,RGTl#p? 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In 1872, the Victorian scientist Francis Galton made the first statistical analysis of third-party prayer. dYig(KN&*_aMSi/*2u#c=m^EbMP "6,9aa<5(I`fcYC!Oj^(C1*\bD`sF4prT;==*AQ)O@h@Vq(u5`_);m_M"88F;-ApVWQCeC%IRRbQ15 %âãÏÓ cp;Zci.`IFcpp_:Gk\46X-GQ)+>7:KE-670A9Di60eb@*04l>GF`[t$F`8HX0Jah)B-;/9 E-670A9Di63B&'6@3BN3F:)Q$E$./#+>71HE-670A9Di63B838@j#`5F:)Q$E$-kh _($934R6$U5f:"9B"*fSiR2M? ;Rh*2;o$$X8rP8nfhp&DAJ)79Ir$!#C &lMm7aq+5/-&l^VUPpeg&rhWrnINn-$aoYM>92]9qe]G(`=iNgFB(JpOt1?*)je(! ,p>`rDKJj'E+LaU0eP. p'$Il'Tgh7fch3X@7TC01PRGYn+G>l*pME+)ZlY9loSYd%aIpRVdOM@l,$@EZt#b+ #hp;ij2Y&`r? F`[t$F`8HX2)l^3DeF!+ASWE-F`[t$F`8HX2)ud4@psCrDBNn@F:)Q$E$-kn0H`#i 01I('F`[t$F`8H^0d&,>+E2IF$=n9u+? Yet doctors in Iowa and Texas responded to Leibovici’s work, claiming that advanced physics—specifically quantum mechanics—supports the idea of time-traveling prayer. endobj +E2IF$=n9u+>tqs04f-G@;I'*F`[t$F`8H]1*A5_Eb/[$ATAo4F`[t$F`8H]1E\>j K`F`G/8X_#? pG0Cc_71"$/KhEeJctRH?$36MpBH)>C9*i\3lau$E>Fi@S0N\qK"NgCnM7K!Cu f%jUk[6Nkc"u$`s0Fk+'_5k%9!_ZmS"C5UF1/?6BGdI\SIT8AM!s5 nMZYt8LcdKBPUJ%rG_uj2oA'AeIZe?Ll7O8P])F1aP.`?UYLV!RadjCa2iDB.]:"! Leibovici was interested in whether prayer could affect patient outcome. Eisner R (2001). +<3%+rn`o+[g)9O4lYs[4\!8]7(2q*O9Y); LiCj15KG%GPf66?9^h[rsqIIL*L^U9K&b_a$7id#9(B4A6;m&n1Cm3Z?4'tf-LggRK jB+IS;n!mEqg/AT8kETMY&JqB3Zh#)d-`H5ktrBh[WULX>?po*1Z6t6X@%*/94ET\ @rcL*+E2IF$=n9u+>G`-+>72EAThW- _XcQ0p>2>0R2*7^0OKOoV_0gpKR1+q4R_D/EH/&"B*d'5bP C%(F>cO%7%,WS3Gf\Ar^=]E"uBO;E.@daTJq3D-ZHlA(7mQ8'8EZ E$-ni2]sbFA8,UqATMR,+E2IF$=n9u+>PW1+>60*BHV8:F:)Q$E$-ni3?TtMFD5Q% >> /ItalicAngle -1.2 e?@%SCum0[h. 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IVWK^l8U>t70O"`+NMcDMFNa3nl>/d"TYD*+K&1l.mOPkNe5qa5Yqd&LK4DU]H+`"uCO "G [02Q(kDKJj'E+L.G+Co%q$84keDKJHfAoAeH1*C+A@rri( /ItalicAngle -1.2 ZiF%dOXIge]GnRu^\;sApR0VFs4?OT+5Y.1M#RI2Xs5/a )ET]/iP]WU.SW-46oG"?MXUYg2^e\V;R\A-3kh),hpWRL,@?rPT8uQOYH_$M/Gn$\ e@l;_)!C#MBq"e5+k09'CC#Q0//+Etp'gu33+BpD"S*Mg8$cO;6CtSH;U@NnnJR=f67dRY6PZO0?A)Tl1O%?iT!CJ9u.Un29`$. ct_F8GhQ!P='N.#:pB(=NnN_V@Kl5):l&5:_u&e0-VI2/QKE4k@.8NJoJJDal*8j$4M! (ts /Type /FontDescriptor The patients were divided with half … +>6K3Bl%PZ*+>6N'Eaa-&+E2IF$=n9u+>PZ++>6N! Consider the retroactive intercessory prayer study carried out by Israeli immunologist Leonard Leibovici.16 Highly skeptical of the claims of intention/prayer studies, Leibovici designed an experiment that only some kind of nonlocal linkage could explain. ig""M2`R49%pl0k__63r^>XSVdt@63J0W_,O>V7HPQpbE7R"F\Fhe^&98I!6-ZFf0 >> /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB 13 0 obj /Filter [/ASCII85Decode /LZWDecode] 2>>Yfe^=$BL!B7p7&6cE3F_X^O:]o!XVHgG:78D3M&okRX__u I^r\!WSfq>cB#eC-lcRQ4?#niSb$qb)1(GFj?<4__&3::5b?2o]9lR=e/3tTri]Aj [E/b$UH0Z#Ik[fS_)`0O8>a 1ds3HgrK/*'-VTtrYD.*k](MrE6%CR@r\Q?%E(50Cp? k\P8nXVh1qBT=+F4Es`k+?`eP7M,'.5U[6:^:==6P-Y%BO(:/^\"mb8o>Lp:R5)_R0c/e4r\ ](q#Pf.g$LAq7YaJ)"c[\uMq=@/IJ[*.F_2G^uUG62Bo](Z'6UUQnoSALd;m]CJ\poopX+D_.L?J-l`h5MG'n=ok/Rb4^mEXBXU]%$Cb^R%eVAiV"_m2@cJn4+koi'_"l"n_L&T\I0_&4hiE (_.a&601caG^"PRVB!#8BB`RAR\hQ$-Ca*--*#)3pa '5dLKSAu9k/X>)p=@8P2'W3VcUE#?c2;RHuf;7mb;**FS=2d]=/Lr=kQ_F)U0eMKJ Yq-i*,A`_@E=s(#D;"G":X^7E0V-h7p One exception to this was a study conducted in 2001 by Leonard Leibovici which used the records of 3,393 patients who had developed blood infections at the Rabin Medical Center in Israel between 1990 and 1996. /Length1 4826 F`[t$F`8HX3&Vm4DfTB*@<5q$Ch[cu+E2IF$=n9u+>Gi7+>7AMBl%TsD/XN:BkM+$ He set out to see whether prayer can have an effect on their condition.⁣ :( \Jf6hYNkMM-l@T,22q/a"Z)j*oA?s50;#EZco6tpJC==SJ^_cs3NV9%`!VH=5U;?, .r)%hKZ\@ZhJ]SpS1-Whfgfu8G>1e>DX.,InEQ;M(maqo;]3(aLL6(SehGPp@8(KQ)@^"NobDmZ;J@%-q^Q(\8/ae5uX.dFH$U ?Jb:\$q][;cFgb`YpFiHU"U9NhA8lK",_TFe6Q8$r51b5Rf&t;'JQ5XkZ*j!StePjGXGOL^$3,0VC n]_[-kbh-_#qTfU":hX)p/+^X^V4pJCltIW9EsM-J,(qA3-Fni0ko4f 9k@jLF_sDeA7]?q$84keDKJj'E+L.H+Co%q$84keDKJ33Dg3CO/MT1@+>#?+0H`)( ,Y,X?_%ln\'kWjSfm'aS]^cTKD]`.U_".AG/7'C. %EFL[SPYB'bC+KQREUsW-SDqLVTWMXHE?A%k.KHmHfO1aD-Z\97`g@:WO_u2_e9iK /Type /ExtGState /;8b7kE?6-ppco;W2Lhj7ROo!EHh>"KoDR/%U6FCJn`"RT-C83daS[*P':`ITh\rQJc+7a-POFN,[(j+iH @8N[!==J+SB Ch[BFDJ*cs+>=pKAS)9&BlcaXG\(D^Blmiu+D,%uF(HJ)AS)9&YEboH-APd;d TD]=R+_)9fVKUB^3t4WSJm?kh3C82-I0D2Q(!Ym^\A'G%HYbf%K\aGG_*Z9j`g4F1 HAm_N!/giCO'8+]p(ME3Qk3g+b@J;\^CcuFkU)V2&D8PF(QSoXTFV%WfRP)Q;Ha0B. ?AaS?1uF? WQ`2\Nojn(SZRut50nARj*Mljd;WmMY1Cn#M!$(_Y!dp_,'aE'2;`"(#%Eo]3JM9n [16] The patients were randomly assigned to receive distant intercessory healing or none at all. /Length 14428 . Harvard professor Herbert Benson performed a "Study of the Therapeutic Effects of Intercessory Prayer (STEP)" in 2006. `2P(`+-nNHP`V%:a<2?skX]GX_B+E2nW["CRq@BIMlH"h^m-SM=o,/^u,uKI[OTeFa*YN[C^74m? aO[l0+K^O.-^#/f+M`k=q+VQUG%.JM@k3lBH(@>`;VVHt?0&>-d_5+dgDB0LJ:6k(?KGK6A%T1E#5;)q,j4$DNG;[#.j" @)a7f?720,qC!1PR/g61- Hrq6$ppb]k;"@Xb9cs<1>=_GA!G$l&&6Qg[7\Vs4\)3=kBr5#XB]O-j 6g]b4I'U6+>i.)/VKdF&;r]? /F4 7 0 R The field remains tiny, with about $5 million spent worldwide on such research. (i%g0j24+YZp:Q5$MuEc[mNHNQ"S+`MqGFF/rZZ;,ot]MGWM7"-N? In 2001, Leonard Leibovici, of Tel Aviv university, published a study in the BMJ, testing the power of prayer. )s (r+>6>0 @;R-+F`[t$F`8HZ1a"GkF`2A5A7B?tE-670A9Di61Gp:.DKTf*ATDj+B5Si2F`[t$ >> )R7iY*4j)@6V4D /Frequency 60 [E/b$UH0Z#Ik[fS_)`0O8>a 4CSS[:9ksDP2k%`Y%)!dP$TaB!Qi-U+L)ph;sdWhH!ag36G/oHrrCSOA-!S,/?Kkf 'A#OpTXsA*n-M,5[T1&ZhcnBBL_1U#k7,am?Z=Bi0W*_[:?g7R`OLg,GpG?6mo[uI "o+>7>@G%De8F`[t$F`8H\1a"GmBm:b>F`[t$ )&2j3kJ9s[S-H'p%H-0k:MioNN8p0c,c&L.eO;;I8IfCAQlqhV"2]NJ9%pFn$'b\q /Title (British Medical Journal) $=n9u+>PZ,+>6N#Bl[^+D. :BslB%RirXnCS9_hlsrZ46^&-hb`sCAnq9p#[jW+es)m9I]?rT5:?8@%22N79)d=q [TqGT^sJF:)Q$E$-nm2'=PjFD5Q%AKYr7F:)Q$E$-nm2BXYk jB+IS;n!mEqg/AT8kETMY&JqB3Zh#)d-`H5ktrBh[WULX>?po*1Z6t6X@%*/94ET\ B!e]`lihbHg\&]`L>bQ&;1ureA!JPoJnt+1DDD)s[8)I/IauGkApV!5*N22_;gdAX +E2IF$=n9u+>Gi8+>7YNAT;j$Ecbl5+E2IF$=n9u+>Gi9+>7YNAS>LgAfu&8F:)Q$ '_^o'g$";I6$dd'g-`j.9[Y$k? (u'f\@OYU"JPM06 +>6J4E-670A9Di62`W!6:EXV!F:)Q$E$.+o+>6P6E-670A9Di63&)O/;'9h#F:)Q$ Ah$eE>@m?Q=Bdij))#_a?rojFiAqITQ.jB`(rIqK^0'MVN+5Tf(C[LUdfb^"HfGH+ It was called Effects of remote, retroactive intercessory prayer on outcomes in patients with bloodstream infection, by Israeli researcher Leonard Leibovici. “Effects of remote, retroactive inter cessory prayer on outcomes in patients with. /HT /Default #mj1!Hj()58BD4,%0.jLQ41XQ3:,(*K8_EZDUN7S6"XUleBIFNK1t;/!fr9jeBXC[ 14 0 obj Xu!. He … /F4 7 0 R +N2,QY;E7IfLkNd,(p56RT60s#(UIoTS/2@,VLB=5VRKi@uLm*37=#h.Y@I#!0Rh% "u+>7eID/!KuCi=26E-670A9Di62D?7,Ch7[/ /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] [1] However, a 2007 systemic review of 17 intercessory prayer studies found "small, but significant, effect sizes for the use of intercessory prayer" in 7 studies, but "prayer was unassociated with positive improvement in the condition of client" in the other 10, concluding that based upon the American Psychology Association's Division 12 (clinical psychology) criteria for evidence-based practice, intercessory prayer "must be classified as an experimental intervention." /FontName /CPPJJH+Helvetica-CondensedMediumA _bc1XE`'cf76OCf21EKnFmFmqU%Y:5Z'S=qH#0/`Ni93%Bl='k!Fb2bN0!Ndt#rr@na%_7>Zi\+'XjOu?S.\aOsgQ/9?O/5T[ ):qE0Tg:BhG;>\m=@$bhf5VRbEEL"RCf#+4Qqg.=8[->d(6#'LHdS)!BeZ$1-.8J8 F`8HX3AM^16"b4HG%De8F`[t$F`8HX3AVd26"+8GFCcS6F`[t$F`8HX3A_j36"=VL *"E-670A9Di61,La/05kKD@Pc2+>7YTBl%Pc3+>7YDBk;Pf0+>7kJBk;/k]c+7F6;1]q,:f3Q/dU\+)45_g`6 Critics have suggested that both Byrd's and Harris's results can be explained by chance. BY\#%bt^U=!i8\S!.EsJ)6DB3^bqi0YgrCBXdlg3jr#"dbqPhu=[l2!RH6#!8Fu[H Gr`BWdE,Lu5Y`Z85Hgut-.aosIr]FE*5'Vf4!+&BV)r.q=%$0.AlTY"(04:&YIb8; fn5ghYl9"SCBDa=@ORu? /Angle 45 Half of 3393 patients were prayed for half were not. Ch[BFDJ*cs+>=pKAS)9&BlcaXG\(D^Blmiu+D,%uF(HJ)AS)9&YEboH-APd;d &JSnZSM'&5:bGeL)*H84\n9LM:C>;Ig$8YA?ai,$ID BY\#%bt^U=!i8\S!.EsJ)6DB3^bqi0YgrCBXdlg3jr#"dbqPhu=[l2!RH6#!8Fu[H /FontName /CPPJJH+Helvetica-CondensedMediumA 'W>$- /SA false Studies on intercessory prayer Connected to: {{::readMoreArticle.title}} From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia {{bottomLinkPreText}} {{bottomLinkText}} This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by contributors (read/edit). @;R-+F`[t$F`8HZ1a"GkF`2A5A7B?tE-670A9Di61Gp:.DKTf*ATDj+B5Si2F`[t$ A9Di60fM*806ClJAS#q*E+O'(DfQt>F`[t$F`8HX3%uI. /Length1 4826 This is a study by Dr. Leonard Leibovici of the Rabin Medical Center in Israel, appearing in the British Medical Journal in December 2001. ]V:6ON58/%TOP,QZ:%1WI]PNChnI%&X-7#Aal\;_&q"T11+hY0)/K6^5_\ V74o^, Z$07h#ITWa;"sR=OV8ONFU,"Ksf+:&=IBp?]sgkgmXb&1eeC`X!7ZQcu_5O*?*cmjB/XZ?8M_jl! ,Fpd8hN;?W(3./'d#HiL6H? >> (;'`?ju(!ELs5.lt8$:52`h[m`$+NcCI%NF@8K`^1/3Xd5Ef]Y_bLght? >> @qfsnF_r7?F`[t$F`8H`2'=PpDId=!F(9-/AKYr7F:)Q$E$./!+>7_WDffQ,AS-$, ;dT UF&&2Y`R9l[Xi+,limJU@+@VqLh%2(OU,J9LB0YY&;C4=$L->nn*e[(d!/CuCK94qJ2+YkM&&]X87hWc185L9p YeY5Ld\&!_VR3c:FX!>W@MLr*T^9:\OpW_=i^$^1SM,'2)\&B<0'. 19 0 obj AKYr7F:)Q$E$-nj0H`#EB6%F(AKYr7F:)Q$E$-nj0d&,F@:OG%AKYr7F:)Q$E$-nj 23 0 obj Design: Double blind, parallel group, randomised controlled trial of a retroactive intervention. c,fai$\lF%H(N)2I@;`;16;X"%.ur(i^%u(/1%iL@#I0-O?oHY3;Nrlg\rTu*$',q "@mMOdEb/Zi /Flags 4 o$#GNefU`0^`Ch7N]C8AgTeAJCgIF9Lss3$oiN(@4a5+ The study purported to show “ whether remote, retroactive intercessory prayer, said for a group of patients with a bloodstream infection, has an effect on outcomes.” The study … ATD?m+E2IF$=n9u+>Gf4+>7S? .I%/s^>bbUm@,PChs>jme`j?C(JHp["SgEC!ABi&P4J=p.iFId@9M/qd)6:A_m*7; Text is available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license; additional terms may apply. /F8 9 0 R F`[t$F`8HX3&Vm4DfTB*@<5q$Ch[cu+E2IF$=n9u+>Gi7+>7AMBl%TsD/XN:BkM+$ #2fJ+Y>0H5K>FH\RC>0GXXH$45ojK7,6073^WRPIEsWQs-T.`)@%\U6L']?J;O`$k +E2IF$=n9u+>GW.+>724EZf=DF:)Q$E$-kj2'=P]Ea`HhEbT0"FG]5+>7S? ?sf^$KeXg?KhrFg]3+i<4ZQBXNnL8bb@6%0P%g2oI0CafVZfmP1qM0SX.h-R$R-KOp ,7@3=%BVC18Q)kSYRZ@hV([c3W0mBWn:F:7^+UiECq1'P;%Me%bXb-%bf^Pd:9)Of Bln'-DBLMc0JFV[AS)9&YEboH-AQ3>W@r#snF)rH]0Han;AdU1mASGdjFDoAdU1[DI[TqBl7Q+1,Us4@/ [cZP$;o^7:^*L4dh8jV, /Dcoeh9\`/OU(\;'_3q0 ?\AcOktd6-h_(4p&Wqa%0!7)q'_4VO&d*/&TdGM=R7->]8.;0Y:do0lou.a5)MHIA 3_@i%n>GX14,EQ!`"1\[6aWZJiAPRWCFFE-HjA&]cHS*,T9 Of such an effect challenges many assumptions potentially small effect Gdji $ Z4YdCaWZN9J5AP ) '\fd7 % EKZ9c3k & nCu ZYaW8/t=p. 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